Project 4: ESP32 External Sensor (Updated with bmp280 sensor)

  • ESP32 Devkit V1
  • DHT11 Sensor
  • Jumper wires
  • 10k Ohm Resistor
  • Breadboard
  • Arduino IDE
  • USB Cable
// Example testing sketch for various DHT humidity/temperature sensors
// Written by ladyada, public domain
// REQUIRES the following Arduino libraries:
// — DHT Sensor Library: https://github.com/adafruit/DHT-sensor-library
// — Adafruit Unified Sensor Lib: https://github.com/adafruit/Adafruit_Sensor
#include “DHT.h”#define DHTPIN 4 // Digital pin connected to the DHT sensor
// Feather HUZZAH ESP8266 note: use pins 3, 4, 5, 12, 13 or 14 —
// Pin 15 can work but DHT must be disconnected during program upload.
// Uncomment whatever type you’re using!
#define DHTTYPE DHT11 // DHT 11
//#define DHTTYPE DHT22 // DHT 22 (AM2302), AM2321
//#define DHTTYPE DHT21 // DHT 21 (AM2301)
// Connect pin 1 (on the left) of the sensor to +5V
// NOTE: If using a board with 3.3V logic like an Arduino Due connect pin 1
// to 3.3V instead of 5V!
// Connect pin 2 of the sensor to whatever your DHTPIN is
// Connect pin 3 (on the right) of the sensor to GROUND (if your sensor has 3 pins)
// Connect pin 4 (on the right) of the sensor to GROUND and leave the pin 3 EMPTY (if your sensor has 4 pins)
// Connect a 10K resistor from pin 2 (data) to pin 1 (power) of the sensor
// Initialize DHT sensor.
// Note that older versions of this library took an optional third parameter to
// tweak the timings for faster processors. This parameter is no longer needed
// as the current DHT reading algorithm adjusts itself to work on faster procs.
DHT dht(DHTPIN, DHTTYPE);
void setup() {
Serial.begin(9600);
Serial.println(F(“DHTxx test!”));
dht.begin();
}
void loop() {
// Wait a few seconds between measurements.
delay(2000);
// Reading temperature or humidity takes about 250 milliseconds!
// Sensor readings may also be up to 2 seconds ‘old’ (its a very slow sensor)
float h = dht.readHumidity();
// Read temperature as Celsius (the default)
float t = dht.readTemperature();
// Read temperature as Fahrenheit (isFahrenheit = true)
float f = dht.readTemperature(true);
// Check if any reads failed and exit early (to try again).
if (isnan(h) || isnan(t) || isnan(f)) {
Serial.println(F(“Failed to read from DHT sensor!”));
return;
}
// Compute heat index in Fahrenheit (the default)
float hif = dht.computeHeatIndex(f, h);
// Compute heat index in Celsius (isFahreheit = false)
float hic = dht.computeHeatIndex(t, h, false);
Serial.print(F(“Humidity: “));
Serial.print(h);
Serial.print(F(“% Temperature: “));
Serial.print(t);
Serial.print(F(“°C “));
Serial.print(f);
Serial.print(F(“°F Heat index: “));
Serial.print(hic);
Serial.print(F(“°C “));
Serial.print(hif);
Serial.println(F(“°F”));
}
/***************************************************************************
This is a library for the BMP280 humidity, temperature & pressure sensor
Designed specifically to work with the Adafruit BMP280 Breakout
----> http://www.adafruit.com/products/2651
These sensors use I2C or SPI to communicate, 2 or 4 pins are required
to interface.
Adafruit invests time and resources providing this open source code,
please support Adafruit andopen-source hardware by purchasing products
from Adafruit!
Written by Limor Fried & Kevin Townsend for Adafruit Industries.
BSD license, all text above must be included in any redistribution
***************************************************************************/
#include <Wire.h>
#include <SPI.h>
#include <Adafruit_BMP280.h>
#define BMP_SCK (13)
#define BMP_MISO (12)
#define BMP_MOSI (11)
#define BMP_CS (10)
Adafruit_BMP280 bmp; // I2C
//Adafruit_BMP280 bmp(BMP_CS); // hardware SPI
//Adafruit_BMP280 bmp(BMP_CS, BMP_MOSI, BMP_MISO, BMP_SCK);
void setup() {
Serial.begin(9600);
while ( !Serial ) delay(100); // wait for native usb
Serial.println(F("BMP280 test"));
unsigned status;
//status = bmp.begin(BMP280_ADDRESS_ALT, BMP280_CHIPID);
status = bmp.begin();
if (!status) {
Serial.println(F("Could not find a valid BMP280 sensor, check wiring or "
"try a different address!"));
Serial.print("SensorID was: 0x"); Serial.println(bmp.sensorID(),16);
Serial.print(" ID of 0xFF probably means a bad address, a BMP 180 or BMP 085\n");
Serial.print(" ID of 0x56-0x58 represents a BMP 280,\n");
Serial.print(" ID of 0x60 represents a BME 280.\n");
Serial.print(" ID of 0x61 represents a BME 680.\n");
while (1) delay(10);
}
/* Default settings from datasheet. */
bmp.setSampling(Adafruit_BMP280::MODE_NORMAL, /* Operating Mode. */
Adafruit_BMP280::SAMPLING_X2, /* Temp. oversampling */
Adafruit_BMP280::SAMPLING_X16, /* Pressure oversampling */
Adafruit_BMP280::FILTER_X16, /* Filtering. */
Adafruit_BMP280::STANDBY_MS_500); /* Standby time. */
}
void loop() {
Serial.print(F("Temperature = "));
Serial.print(bmp.readTemperature());
Serial.println(" *C");
Serial.print(F("Pressure = "));
Serial.print(bmp.readPressure());
Serial.println(" Pa");
Serial.print(F("Approx altitude = "));
Serial.print(bmp.readAltitude(1013.25)); /* Adjusted to local forecast! */
Serial.println(" m");
Serial.println();
delay(2000);
}

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